Parts bears like to maul
A study revealed that bears most often go for the neck and head. To best avoid injury, place your hands behind your neck and curl up into a ball. Wearing a backpack increases your chances of survival, too. Crying for your mommy, however, does not.**
How to find fresh water**
- freshwater seeps Look for a damp spot of ground and create a pool by scooping away the earth and allowing the hole to fill with water.
- saltwater dunes You can find fresh water in coastal areas behind the first rank of sand dunes, where rainwater collects and rides on top of heavier saltwater. Scoop a shallow hole out of the sand and wait for it to fill with water. Test the water for brackishness. If you dig too deep, you’ll foul the fresh water with saltwater.
- Fish-trap log Use a hollow log as a fish trap by screening off one end with netting or a cloth that allows water to pass through. Tie a rope to the other end and submerge the log near the current of a creek with the open end facing upstream. Wait several hours and then pull the log up by the rope. Fish taking refuge inside the log will be trapped
Most people carry a rifle improperly in bear country and would be unable to shoulder it in time if a bear charged. Here’s the proper way
1 Sling your rifle on your non-shooting shoulder, barrel-down, pointing forward
2 At the first sign of trouble, drop the sling off your shoulder and rotate the gun as you transfer it.
3** In one fluid motion you will have your rifle at your shoulder, eye to the scope, and you’ll be ready to fire should the occasion arise
mother nature provides everything you need to clean and close a wound in the wild
A spiderweb can make a sterile bandage for a small cut or abrasion. Find a web and smear it over the injury to protect it from infection.
Use ants to close a wound. Let them bite both sides of a laceration and then break off the bodies, leaving the ants’ head and mandibles attached.
Maggots are useful for removing decayed flesh from a wound. Place the insects in the wound and let them feast until only healthy, pink tissue
In this day of Global Positioning Systems, properly reading a compass has become a lost skill. Here are a couple of tips to get you back on the trail if your GPS dies.
- Orient Compass to map Simply align the needle with the magnetic meridien lines on a map
- Get your bearings Form a line on a map with the long edge of the compass from where you are to where you want to go. Rotate the capsule until the north-south lines are parallel to the meridien lines. Hold the compass level in front of you and turn your body until the north-south arrow lines up with the needle. Start hikink
Set a Broken Bone
Getting to a hospital is always the best recourse when you have a broken bone. However, if medical attention isn’t readily available and blood isn’t circulating to the limb, setting the bone might be the only way to save the appendage. Here’s how to do it.
1 Check for circulation by pressing on the skin below the fracture site. (If the break is in the arm, press on the hand; if it’s in the leg, press on the foot.) The skin should turn white and then quickly return to pink. Pale or bluish skin, numbness, tingling or lack of pulse indicate a loss of circulation below the break.
2 To reduce swelling, pain and damage to the tissues, realign the limb into a normal resting position by pulling on both sides of the break in opposite directions.
Be sure your GPS data matches that on the topo map you’re using. For example, if your map says “1927 North American datum,” reset your GPS to use the data entry labeled “NAD27 Conus.”
4 Uses for Urine**
1 Disinfect with it Urine contains significant amounts of ammonia–one of the
principal agents in bleach–and can help disinfect utensils, plates or a knife that needs to be used in an emergency backwoods surgery situation.
2 Soothe an itch** Mix urine with
mud to make a poultice and spread it on the area of an insect bite to reduce the swelling and itch. If you’re stung by a jellyfish, urine will also soothe the pain
created by its venom.
3 Save your kill Urinate around your downed game if you have to leave it overnight. Though there is no surefire method to prevent scavengers from claiming your animal, this might make them wary enough that they’ll leave it alone.
4 drink it Urine is sterile and 95 percent water, a fact that could save your life
on a desert hike. It also contains vitamins B12 and C, plus salt, potassium and
magnesium. It also reportedly gives your complexion a rosy glow. Bottoms up!
Audible signals carry best at dusk or whenever there
is little wind.
To use a signal mirror at night, beam your flashlight against the reflective side
of your mirror.
Burn green vegetation to make white smoke, which is seen easily on a clear day. Burn anything with petroleum–plastics, tires–to create black smoke, which is more visible on overcast days.